Further reading

General, select list covering material relevant to historical and empirical aspects of the Typographic Design for Children Project.

Archer, A. J., and Elley, W. B. (1993). 'Do print size and line length affect children's reading comprehension?' Research in Education, 49, p. 75.

Bennett, P. A. (1962). 'American children's books in a changing world.' The Penrose Annual, 56, pp. 75-81.

Blackhurst, J. H. (1921). 'The typography of elementary school readers.' School and Society, 14, (November) pp. 407-408.

Blackhurst, J. H. (1927). Investigations in the hygiene of reading. Baltimore: Warwick & York, p. 63.

Blackhurst, J. H. (1922). 'Size of type as related to the reading ability in the first four grades.' School and Society, 16, 416, pp. 697-700.

Blackhurst, J. H. (1923). 'Length of line as related to reading ability in the first four grades.' School and Society, 18, 455, pp. 328-330.

Blackhurst, J. H. (1928). 'Hygienic standards in type and format of reading materials.' The Elementary English Review, 5, pp. 101-103 & 118.

Bluhm, A. (1991). 'Types for easy reading.' Graphic Repro, March, pp. 29-31

Board of Education (1928). Report of the consultative committee on books in public elementary schools. London: HMSO, pp. 1-27.

British Association for the Advancement of Science (1913). Report on the influence of school-books upon eyesight. London: Murray.

Buckingham, B. R. (1931). 'Type sizes of first-grade textbooks are tested for readability.' Nation's Schools 12, (September) pp. 45-48.

Buckingham, B. R. (1931). 'New data on the typography of textbooks.' In: Textbooks in American Education. Thirtieth Yearbook, Part II, of the National Society for the Study of Education. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, pp. 93-125.

Burt, C. (1960). 'The typography of children's books: a record of research in the UK.' Yearbook of Education, pp. 242-56.

Coghill, V. (1980). 'Can children read familiar words set in unfamiliar type?' Information Design Journal, 1, 4, pp. 254-60.

Cohn, H. (1886). Hygiene of the eye in schools. London: Simpkin & Marshall.

Cooper-Tomkins, G. (1994). An investigation into the effects of word spacing on the fluency and accuracy of novice readers. Unpublished BA dissertation, The University of Reading.

Cornelissen, P., Bradley, L., Fowler, S., and Stein, J. (1991). 'What children see affects how they read.' Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 33, 9, pp. 755-762.

Crane, W., (1913). 'Notes on my own books for children.' The Imprint, 2, 9, pp. 81-86.

Dale, N. (1898). On the teaching of English reading. London: J. M. Dent & Co. Ehri, L. C. (1983). 'A critique of five studies related to letter-name knowledge and learning to read.' Reading Research Revisited, pp. 143-153.

Ehri, L. C. and Wilce, L. S. (1974). 'Printed intonation cues and reading in children.' Visible Language, 8, pp. 265-274.

Ehri, L. C., and Wilce, L. S. (1985). 'Movement into reading - is the first stage of printed word learning visual or phonetic?' Reading Research Quarterly, 20, pp. 16-179.

Ehrlich, S. F. (1981). 'Children's word recognition in prose content.' Visible Language, 15, pp. 219-244.

Gilliland, A. R., (1923). 'The effect on reading of changes in the size of type.' Elementary School Journal, 24, 2, pp. 138-146.

Giovanni, B. and d'Arcais, F. (1984). 'Lexical knowledge and word recognition - children's reading of function words.' Visible Language, 18, 4, pp. 359-377.

Haber, R. N. and Haber, L. R. (1981). 'Visual components of the reading process.' Visible Language, 15, 2.

Hedvall, A. and Zachrisson, B. (1962). 'Children and their books.' The Penrose Annual, 56, pp. 59-66. Heller, S. (1995). 'Type play for kids.' Eye, 5, 19, pp. 44-53

Heller, S. (1997). 'Typography for children.' In: S. Heller and K. Pomeroy (eds), Design literacy: understanding graphic design. New York: Allworth Press, pp. 108-111.

Horner, P. (1984). 'The development of reading books in England from 1870.' In: G. Brooks and A. K. Pugh (eds), Studies in the History of Reading, Reading: University of Reading and UKRA

Huey, E. B. (1898). 'Premliminary experiments in the physiology and psychology of reading.' American Journal of Psychology, 9, pp. 75-86.

Huey, E. B. (1901). 'The psychology and pedagogy of reading.' American Journal of Psychology, 12, pp. 292-313.

Huey, E. B. (1908). The psychology and pedagogy of reading with a review of the history of reading and writing and of methods, texts and hygiene in reading. New York: Macmillan. [2nd edn 1968 MIT Press]

Hughes, L. E. and Wilkins, A. J. (2000). 'Typography in children's reading schemes may be suboptimal - evidence from measures of reading rate.' Journal of Research in Reading, 23, 3, pp. 314-324.

Knaster, R. (1938). 'Early children's ABC's.' Typography, 7, pp. 15-22.

Krause, L. B. and Thomas, I. D. (1969). 'The use of colour - contextual clues in reading.' Slow Learning Child - The Australian Journal on the Education of Backward Children, 16, 1.

de Lange, R. W., Esterhuizen, B. and Beatty, D. (1993). 'Performance differences between Times and Helvetica in reading tasks.' Electronic Publishing - origination, dissemination and design, 6, 3, pp. 241-8.

Legros, L.A. and Grant, J.C. (1916). Typographical printing surfaces. London: Longmans, Green & Co. (Section on 'Type, leading and length of line for school-books', pp.157-60)

Lund, O. (1999). Knowledge construction in typography: the case of legibility research and the legibility of sans serif typefaces. Unpublished PhD thesis, Department of Typography & Graphic Communication, The University of Reading.

Mason, J. H. (1913). 'The printing of children's books.' The Imprint, 2, 9, pp. 87-94.

McGee, L., Lomax, R. and Head, M. (1988). 'Young children's written language knowledge - what environmental and functional print reading reveals.' Journal of Reading Behaviour, 20, pp. 99-118.

Meynell, E. (1913). 'The plain dealer - children's books.' The Imprint, 2, 9, pp. 134-6. Monotype (1935).

'Annual or perennial? The problem of producing books for young readers.' Monotype Recorder, 43, 2, pp. 14-16. Monotype (1971).

'Amusing and instructive: old and new ways of learning to read.' Monotype Newsletter, 88, pp. 2-5.

Morris, J. M. (1984). 'Phonetics - from an unsophisticated past to a linguistics-informed future.' In: G. Brooks and A. K. Pugh (eds), Studies in the History of Reading, Reading: University of Reading and UKRA.

Morss, R. D. (1935). 'The neglected schoolbook.' Monotype Recorder, 34, 2, pp. 3-13. Peck, D. (1962). 'Notes upon the typography of children's comics.' Typography, 8, pp. 14-16.

Raban, B. (1982). 'Text display effects on the fluency of young readers.' Journal of Reading Research, 5, pp. 7-28.

Raban, B. (1984). 'Survey of teachers' opinions: children's books and handwriting styles.' In: D. Dennis (ed), Reading: meeting children's special needs, London: Heinemann, pp. 123-9

Riley, J. L. (1996). 'The ability to label the letters of the alphabet at school entry - a discussion on its value.' Journal of Research in Reading, 19, 2, pp. 87-101.

Sassoon, R. (1991). 'A typeface with a special purpose.' Linotype Letterbox, 6, pp.10-11.

Sassoon, R. (1993). 'Through the eyes of a child: perception and type design.' In: R. Sassoon (ed), Computers and typography, Oxford: Intellect Books, pp. 150-177.

Sassoon, R. and Williams, A. (2000). Why Sassoon? (Publicity leaflet published by Sassoon and Williams).

Shaw, E. R. (1902). School hygiene. London: Macmillan.

Thomas, D. (1934). 'School books and their typography.' Printing Review, 13, pp. 5-8.

Tinker, M. A. (1959). 'Print for children's text books.' Education, 80, 1, pp. 37-40.

Tinker, M. A. (1963). 'Legibility of print for children in the upper grades.' American Journal of Optometry, 40, pp. 614-621.

Tinker, M. A. (1968). 'Suitable typography for beginners in reading.' Education, 88, 4, pp. 317-320.

Venezky, R. L. (1984). 'The history of reading research.' In: D. P. Pearson, R. Barr, M.L. Kamil and P. Mosenthal, Handbook of reading research, 1, London: Longman, pp. 3-38.

Vernon, O. (2000). Typography in enlarged teaching texts for shared and guided reading in primary schools. Unpublished BA dissertation, The University of Reading.

Walker, S. (1992). How it looks: a teacher's guide to typography in children's books. Reading: Reading and Language Information Centre.

Walker, S., Edwards, V. and Blacksell, R. (1996). 'Designing bilingual books for children.' Visible Language, 30, 3, pp. 368-83

Warde, B. (1950). 'Improving the compulsory book.' The Penrose Annual, 44, pp. 37-40.

Warde, B. (1927). 'The making of children's books.' The Times Literary Supplement, 24 November, 1927. Reprinted in part in The Monotype Recorder, 44, 1, 1970, p. 39.

Watts, L. and Nisbet, J. (1974). Legibility in children's books: a review of research. Slough: NFER Publishing Company Ltd.

Weiss, M. J. (1979). Children's preferences in tradebook format factors (dissertation) State University of New York at Buffalo

Willows, D. M., Borwick, D., and Hayvren, M. (1981). 'The content of school readers.' In: G.E. MacKinnon and T.G. Waller (eds), Reading research: advances in theory and practice, 2, New York: Academic Press, pp. 97-175.

Yule, V. (1988). 'The design of print for children: sales-appeal and user-appeal.' Reading, 22, 2, pp. 96-105.

Zachrisson, B. (1956). 'Some experiments with children regarding the readability of printed text.' Research Bulletin, 9, Stockholm: University of Stockholm, Institute of Education.

Zachrisson, B. (1965). Studies in the legibility of printed text. Stockholm: Almqvist and Wiksell.